Ann. Dumb ME. I have a copy of Col Simpson's book, American Soldier, I should look in there to see
if I can find the answer to my question about the change from Texas National Guard, to U.S. National
Guard, and then the change from National Guard to Army Reserve status. From the little blurb in your post, it is as if you are saying the first change was not really made by Major Murphy himself, it
was everyone in the Texas National Guard was impacted by this change from a state guard to a national guard, is that right? I guess the obvious other change between guard and Army reserve is,
one outfit guards only our borders whether it be state and or national and the Army reserve can be
called up to go off to a foreign country and fight a war. But I am really really curious as to which
changes Major Murphy voluntarily made, and which ones were made by a government ramping up to
go to war, and I am also really curious, in the event of a declared war, which soldiers go first. I realize the obvious, ie., any person on active duty in a branch of the military, but after a country
has dug down to the bottom of the barrel so to speak, then what comes next, National Guard or
reserve status of whatever branch, Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, etc. Then can a federal government
ever "nationalize" a State Guard, such as Texas, or California or any state/ and if so where would that
put any individual in a line to go off and fight a war? Maybe I should have paid attention to my
Social Studies classes in school, but I guess I am trying to ascertain the moves Major Murphy made
on his own, and more importantly, what kind of statement he was making by doing these things
regarding his reserve status. Most Men ususally understand this stuff better than us women, and
especially maybe some one like Stan, or Richard, or even Msgt. White, and I was hoping to maybe
get an explanation from one of them, in laymen's terms I could understand. Hope I haven't
created a mountain out of a mole hill. And really maybe this isn't the right place to even be asking
these sort of technical questions. But I am trying to understand the moves regarding Audie's military career at various times in his life. Thank you Ann for setting me off hopefully in the right
direction to answer some of my questions. Just my thoughts, Shirley Jean.
Sorry I haven't answered this before, but it would take a while to get through it, anyway I will attempt to give you an abbreviated answer.
Here is the basics:
1) Federal Recognition entails a unit conducting basic proficiency testing, inventories of equipment, and personel, and establishing basic military goals and meeting them, i.e. training. In addition many inspections are conducted during that time.
It is very, very rare for a unit not be federally recongized. Most of the time it is more a formaility than anything else. If a unit does fail repeatedly, the unit could be disbanded.
The same applies to an Officer promotion. When one sees a promotion with Federally Recognition it basically means that the unit in which the person is serving as well as that Officer have meet those standards and goals as outlined to meet 'federal recognition.'
As to order of call up normally years ago it was Active, Reserve, Guard. Due to the nature of war now days and frequency of deployments that no longer is the rule although the Government does try to abide by it.
As to why Audie would move from National Guard to Reserve that is perhaps the easiest to explain. Most probably he was tired of traveling from California to Texas for Guard meetings and camps and therefore elected to transfer his status to the Reseve in order to facilitate finding a unit that he could locally participate in within the State of California. Perhaps as well he was very comfortable with the Texas 36th and felt it would be disloyal to move to a California Guard unit so rather than do that, he simply moved into the Reserve.
Also, sometimes (often) members of units move to another unit or type (Guard, Reserve) because the duty job/position (MOS/Billet) may not be availiable with a Guard or Reserve unit near their home. In order to make the move (transfer) they must work in the same MOS/Billet (job/position) so perhaps near Audie their was not a Guard unit that carried his MOS or Billet but there was a Reserve unit so he moved to the Reserve.
Hope this helps,